The Taarab music is an intrinsic part of the culture and identity of Zanzibar. It dates back to the reign of the third Sultan of Zanzibar SayyidBarghash (1870-1888) a widely known Sultan for his opulent life. Barghash spent over ten years in exile and travel: India, Arabia and Europe. When he returns, he introduced Taarab music, whose origin comes from Indian and Arabic influences.
The first piece of Taarab Music was recorded in 1928 in India under a British label with a village girl called Mtumwa, which later became a legend and changed her name to Siti bit Saad.